Posted by GMI Blogger Posted in infographics

Sep 4 2023 at 4:33am

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East. Home to an estimated 0.46% of the global population, it is the 41st most populous country in the world

But what constitutes its population? Are expatriates in the majority or natives?;  Do males have a higher representation or females? Let’s find out. Here, in this blog, we will examine the population statistics of Saudi Arabia as of 2023. We have also included the latest 2022 census report, which was released in May 2023, providing valuable insights into the country’s demographic landscape.

Table of Content

Saudi Arabia – Country in a nutshell

Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) is a country with deep historical roots. Revered by Muslims worldwide, KSA is home to the famous mosques Mecca and Medina, two of the most visited pilgrimage centers on earth.

KSA is divided into 13 provinces. Each province has a governor, a deputy governor, and a provincial council. These provinces are further subdivided into 118 governorates.

Until the middle of the 20th century, Saudi Arabia followed a traditional lifestyle. With the rise of the Saud family (Al Sa Ud), the country began to witness transformations on all fronts. Innovations in the field of transportation and technology fuelled more international relations. With the massive financial growth brought about by petroleum resources, the country is now the 18th richest GDP in the world. 

Today, in line with its “Vision 2030”, the country is actively working towards diversifying its oil-based economy and providing its people with more and varied economic and cultural opportunities. This has led to a large influx of expats from all over the world, significantly changing the demographics of the region.

Saudi Population 2022 Census – Key Statistics

  • According to the 2022 census, the total population of KSA is 32.12 million.

  • The median age is 29 years.

  • The fertility rate is 2.8.

  • The Saudi dependency ratio is 62.

  • Of the total population, 58.4% are Saudis, while 41.6% are non-Saudis.

  • Males make up 61.2% of the population, while females make up 38.8% of the population.

  • The average household size of Saudis is 4.8, while the average household size of non-Saudis is 2.7.

  • Indian population in Saudi Arabia 2023 is 1.88 Million.

Now, let us examine the some of the important findings from the KSA 2022 Census in detail:

Saudi Population 2022 Census – Infographics

Infographics of Saudi population 2022 government census data

Gender Split

Male19.70 Million61.20%
Female12.50 Million38.80%

There is a clear gender disparity in the population, with males outnumbering females. There are 19.70 million males compared to 12.50 million females in Saudi Arabia.

However, Saudi Arabia is actively taking proactive steps to bridge this gap, including Vision 2030, which focuses on providing more socio-economic opportunities to women. Till now, the initiatives have resulted in the following opportunities for females: the right to drive and obtain passports, jobs in the military and armed forces, giving them the right to property, etc. These decisions reflect the nation’s commitment to creating a more inclusive society.

Gender split data of saudi population 2022 government census

Nationality Split

Saudi18.80 Million58.40%
Non Saudi13.40 Million41.60%

When it comes to the nationality split, Saudi nationals dominate the country with a total of 18.8 million, while non-Saudis account for only 13.4 million of the total population.

This can be attributed to the fact that Saudis have excellent opportunities within the country, thanks to Nitaqat or Saudization programmes. In addition, the Saudis also receive many economic incentives, including healthcare, housing, education, etc. 

All of this significantly helps KSA retain its nationals, even though many sectors such as construction, healthcare, etc., rely on migrant workers.

Saudi and non saudi population data with percentage.

Saudi Population by Age

Age GroupPopulationPercentage
0-14 Years7.89 Million24.51%
15-19 Years2.20 Million6.83%
20-24 Years2.62 Million8.13%
25-54 Years16.97 Million52.75%
55-64 Years1.64 Million5.11%
65-69 Years0.37 Million1.15%
70-74 Years0.21 Million0.64%
75+ Years0.29 Million0.90%

When we examine the age-wise demographics of the KSA population, the age group 25-54 years constitute the majority.  They account for 16.97 million or 52.75% of the population. This is the prime working age population of KSA, or the driving force of the KSA economy.

On the other hand, the lowest percentage of people is found in the 70-74 age group, comprising 0.21 million people or 0.64% of the total population. 

saudi population by age

Saudi Population By Nationality

NationalityPopulation Male Female
Bangladesh2.12 Million1.95 Million0.17 Million
India1.88 Million1.71 Million0.17 Million
Pakistan1.81 Million1.65 Million0.16 Million
Yemen1.80 Million1.33 Million0.47 Million
Egypt1.47 Million1.18 Million0.29 Million
Sudan0.82 Million0.67 Million0.15 Million
Philippines0.73 Million0.27 Million0.46 Million
Syrian Arab Republic0.45 Million0.26 Million0.19 Million
Nepal0.30 Million0.29 Million0.01 Million
Jordan0.20 Million0.11 Million0.09 Million
Indonesia0.18 Million0.05 Million0.13 Million
Myanmar0.16 Million0.09 Million0.07 Million
Ethiopia0.16 Million0.04 Million0.12 Million
Afghanistan0.13 Million0.09 Million0.04 Million
Others1.17 Million0.53 Million0.64 Million

According to the latest KSA census report released in May 2023, out of the total expat population of 41.6%, Bangladeshi nationals occupy the first position with 2.12 million people. Of these, 1.95 million are males and 0.17 million are females. The second position is occupied by Indians, with 1.88 million in which 1.71 million are males and 0.17 million are females. The third position is occupied by Pakistani nations with 1.81 million,where 1.65 million are males and 0.16 million are females.  

graphical representation of saudi population by nationality with male and female poulation in each country

Now, let’s look at the KSA population statistics for 2023. 

Saudi Population 2023 – Key Statistics

As 2023 begins, here are some key statistics of the population of Saudi Arabia for this year. The data was collected and compiled from several credible sources to get a better look at Saudi Arabia’s development over the past year.

  • Population density of KSA in 2023 is 16.90 people/sq km.

  • The population density of Saudi Arabia is 16.90 people per square kilometer.

  • Saudi Arabia accounts for 0.46% of the world’s total population.

Saudi Population Statistics 2023 [Infographics]

Demographics of Saudi Arabia in 2023

KSA is a Muslim-majority country with a native population of 90% Arabs and 10% Afro-Arabs. Although Islam is the official religion of the region, there are people of other faiths as well due to the presence of a large expatriate community.

37% of the Saudi population in 2023 is young, under the age of 25. Here is a more detailed breakdown of the country’s demographics.

Gender Split

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Arabian Peninsula with a total population of 36.33 Million. Like many Arab countries, there is a predominance of the male population in the country, a part of it owing to the male expat workforce. The country has a low gender ratio with the male population at 20.94 Million i.e. 57.64%, and the female population at 15.39 Million i.e. 42.36%. The latest statistics reveal that there are 137.13 males per 100 females.

However, the country is making efforts to remove the gender disparity. According to the Gender Gap Index released in 2022 by the World Economic Forum, Saudi Arabia has gained a higher place – 127th among 146 countries, compared to previous years. Saudi Arabia has bridged 63.6% of its gender gap. Female participation in the workforce has also increased by 0.097% in 2022.



Population (%)


20.94 Million



15.39 Million


Saudi Population by Age

Individuals aged 25–54 constitute the majority of the population in 2023, accounting for 18.69 million, or 51.45% of the total population. This is indicative of the demands in the labor market and economic sector for expatriate workers, who form a large part of this age group. Quality of Life Program (part of Vision 2030) could be one factor that is attracting skilled expats to Saudi Arabia.

The lowest population percentage can be seen in the age group 65 years and older, which consists of only 1.45 million people in total. However, it has been observed that in recent years, elderly people have improved in health and the average lifespan has increased. With fluctuating birth and death rates in KSA, it is possible to see significant differences in these statistics in the future.

Age Group


Population (%)

0-14 years

8.75 Million


15-24 years

4.79 Million


25-54 years

18.69 Million


55-64 years

2.65 Million


65 years and above

1.45 Million


Saudi Population by Gender

When we look at the gender distribution of the population, we can see that men predominate throughout all age groups. With 11.39 million men and 7.30 million women, the 25–54 age group has the highest population for both sexes among all age groups. This can be due to the fact the vast majority of working adults fall in this age group. 

An interesting point to note here is the effort of the Saudi government (Vision 2030) to help women achieve an equal footing in society. At present, Saudi women comprise 33.6 % of the total workforce. Five years ago it was only 17.4%.

Age Group



0-14 years

4.45 Million

4.30 Million

15-24 years

2.51 Million

2.28 Million

25-54 years

11.39 Million

7.30 Million

55-64 years

1.79 Million

0.86 Million

65 years and above

0.80 Million

0.65 Million

Saudi Population by Year (2010 – 2023)

A fundamental change in Saudi Arabia’s population started as the oil resources were found in the 1930s. Following this socioeconomic changes caused rapid population growth. After that, the population growth rate fluctuated based on economic growth and opportunities for migration. By analyzing the chart we can see a consistent increase of 1 million people every year since 2010. From 27.42 million in 2010 to 36.33 million people in 2023, there has been an increase of around 9 million people over the last 13 years. 

The country adopted numerous pronatalist programmes as the number of expatriates increased, which led to higher birth rates and lower mortality rates. The nation’s quick urbanization has also aided in the constant growth of the population.




36.33 Million


35.84 Million


35.34 Million


34.81 Million


34.26 Million


33.70 Million


33.10 Million


32.44 Million


31.72 Million


30.92 Million


30.05 Million


29.15 Million


28.27 Million


27.42 Million

Population in Main Cities of Saudi Arabia 2023

With rapid urbanization, 84.7% of people have settled in major cities and around 15% people are still living in rural areas. There are 26 main cities in KSA and we will be looking at the ones that have the highest population. 

The capital city, Riyadh, which reflects some major economic growth, hosts the highest population of 7.68 million people. It is followed by Jeddah, a modern port city and Mecca’s gateway, which has a population of 4.86 million people. The two holiest cities in Islam, Mecca and Medina, have populations of 2.15 million and 1.57 million, respectively. Another main city of the country is Dammam, which grew rapidly after the 1950s until 2000 to become the 10th fastest-growing city in the world. It has a population of 1.33 million. Taif and Tabuk are the other two other major cities in KSA; they are home to 0.71 million and 0.69 million people, respectively.




7.68 Million


4.86 Million


2.15 Million


1.57 Million


1.33 Million


0.71 Million


0.69 Million

Disclaimer: Data sourced from We are not responsible for the accuracy of the data.

Saudi Arabia Birth Rate, Death Rate & Migration Rate 2023

A country’s socioeconomic and medical achievements are determined by its birth, death and migration figures. According to reports, there are 1661 births and 284 deaths every day in Saudi Arabia as of January 2023. That means one person dies every 5 minutes and one child is born every 52 seconds. The country is defined as one of the highest developed economies in the world by the UN. The reflection of this can be seen in its improving birth rate and decreasing death rate across the country. 

KSA is heavily reliant on foreign labour, and many Saudis are migrating to other countries also. At the moment, 79 migrations occur per day, with one new immigrant arriving in KSA every 18 minutes. In 2023, as the country undergoes reforms with its new and improved labour and migration policies, it will be interesting to see how the measures work in terms of immigration trends in the country in the years to come.

Saudi Arabia Population by Religion 2023

93% of the population of Saudi Arabia practises Sunni Islam, making it a predominantly Islamic nation. Yet it also embraces a variety of different faiths and demonstrates a high level of religious tolerance and harmonious cohabitation. Christianity is practised by 1.60 million people, i.e. 4.4% of the population, while Hinduism is practised by 0.40 million people (1.1% of the population). 0.7% of the population or 0.25 million people, do not identify with any religion. 0.3% or 0.11 million people practise folk or traditional beliefs and an equal percentage are Buddhists. 0.2% or 0.07 million people follow a number of other religions. 



Population (in Million)



33.79 M



1.60 M



0.40 M

Religiously Unaffiliated


0.25 M

Folk or traditional religions


0.11 M



0.11 M



0.07 M

Saudi Population Forecasts/Predictions

Based on births, deaths, and migrations, the KSA’s population increases by one person every 59 seconds. And according to some sources, the population of the country is expected to reach 39.93 million by 2027.

Saudi Arabia is in its early stages of social and economic development. Many societal changes including issuing driving rights to women and opening the borders to tourists other than Haj pilgrims show that the country is expanding its horizons. This can bring about a change in the country’s demographics and the overall population in the coming years.

Disclaimer: GMI acknowledges that though we try to report accurately, we cannot verify the absolute facts of everything that has been presented in this blog. The information presented is based on information researched from various sources on the internet. We are not liable for any errors, financial loss, or damages of any kind that may result from the use of, or reliance on, the information herein.

(You can continue reading about the population statistics of Saudi Arabia 2022 below.)

Saudi Arabia Population 2022 (Key Statistics)

  • Saudi Arabia’s population in 2022 was 35.84 million.

  • The population density of Saudi Arabia is 16.67 people per square kilometre.

  • The median age is approximately 32.4 years

  • In Saudi Arabia, the male population is 20.70 million and the female population is 15.14 million.

  • With 7.54 million people, Riyadh is the most populous city in Saudi Arabia.

  • In 2022, the urban population in Saudi Arabia is 30.36 million.

Saudi Population Statistics 2022 – Infographics

Demographics of Saudi Arabia in 2022

Let us analyze the demographic data of Saudi Arabia in 2022 based on different categories:

Gender Split

The gender split of a population is indicative of the disparity between different genders in the society. In Saudi Arabia, the male population is 20.70 million i.e. 57.76% of the population while the female population is 15.14 million i.e. 42.24% of the population. This skewed sex ratio is prevalent in the countries in the Arabian Peninsula like Qatar, UAE and Saudi Arabia. 

Saudi Population by Age

Age Group


Population (Percentage)

0-14 years

8.72 Million


15-24 years

4.69 Million


25-54 years

18.59 Million


55-64 years

2.47 Million


65 years and above

1.36 Million


The age-wise population of KSA shows that the highest percentage of people belong to the age group of 25-54 years. This group consists of working expatriates and locals. There are 18.59 million i.e. 51.86% people in this age group. The lowest percentage of people belong to the age of 65 years and above. The elderly population of Saudi Arabia is 3.81% or 1.36 million people. 

Saudi Population by Gender

Age Group



0-14 years

4.43 Million

4.29 Million

15-24 years

2.46 Million

2.23 Million

25-54 years

11.39 Million

7.20 Million

55-64 years

1.67 Million

0.80 Million

65 years and over

0.75 Million

0.62 Million

The gender disparity is spread equally across all sections of the population here. Males dominate all the age categories. The male population is highest among the 25-54 years age group i.e. 11.39 million and lowest among 65 years and over i.e. 0.75 million. Similarly, the female population is also highest among the 25-54 years age group i.e. 7.20 million and lowest among 65 years and over i.e. 0.62 million. 

Saudi Arabia Birth Rate, Death Rate & Migration Rate 2022

The birth rate per day in Saudi Arabia is 1568 persons every 55 seconds and the death rate per day is 354 persons every 4 minutes.  

The KSA is the ‘future city’ that is attracting a huge number of migrant workers. Along with the numerous work opportunities, workers also enjoy tax-free salaries and a low cost of living here. Saudi Arabia is a digital hub in the making. Around 193 migrant workers land in the country every 7 minutes. 

Saudi Arabian Labor Force 2022

The labor force of a country is its backbone and in Saudi Arabia males have dominated this sector for decades. The total labor force this year stands at 15.9 million people. Out of this females occupy 20%. Although this may seem small, compared to earlier days there is a significant increase in women’s participation today. In 2017 only 14.8% of the labor force consisted of females. Since then there has been a steady increase in the number of females. The reformative steps taken by the government have contributed to this positive change. (World Bank data)

Population in Main Cities of Saudi Arabia in 2022




7.54 Million


4.78 Million


2.12 Million


1.55 Million


1.31 Million


0.70 Million


0.68 Million

Disclaimer: Data sourced from We are not responsible for the accuracy of the data.

Saudi Arabia ranks 13th in the world for its area size and therefore is home to a large population. Riyadh, the administrative, political and cultural capital of KSA, has the largest population among all the cities in Saudi Arabia. 7.54 million people are living here. Jeddah, also known as the modern port city, is home to 4.78 million people. Mecca and Medina are the religious cities of the KSA. While Mecca has a population of 2.12 million, Medina has a population of 1.55 million. Dammam, a popular tourist destination, has a population of 1.31 million. Taif is known for its pleasant weather in the summer months and therefore is the summer getaway city. It has a population of 0.70 million people. Tabuk boasts a rich historical heritage. It has a population of 0.68 million people. Apart from these, there are other cities too that are spread across the 13 regions of Saudi Arabia.  

Saudi Arabia Population 2022 (Urban v/s Rural)

Saudi Arabia has been slowly and steadily moving towards urbanization. In 1960 the urban population rate was 31%, which grew to 79% in 2000. In 2022, the urban population accounts for 84.7% or 30.36 million. Most of the urban settlers choose to live in the major cities of Saudi Arabia like Riyadh, Dammam, Mecca and Jeddah. Comparatively the rural population only amounts to 15.3% or 5.48 million people. 

Social Media Users in Saudi Arabia 2022

Social Media Platforms


Users (Percentage)


29.30 Million



15.45 Million



11.40 Million


Multiple social media platforms are prevalent among the Saudi Arabians. It is replacing the traditional mediums of news and information and also influencing positive changes in society. Among all the social media platforms, YouTube has the highest number of users with 29.3 million people using it i.e. around 81.75% of the population. This is followed by Instagram which has about 15.45 million users i.e. 43.11% of the total population. Facebook users account for 31.81% of the population i.e. 11.40 million people. 


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Disclaimer: GMI acknowledges that though we try to report accurately, we cannot verify the absolute facts of everything that has been represented on this infographic. The information represented is based on information researched from various sources on the internet. We are not liable for any errors, financial loss, or damages of any kind that may result from the use of, or reliance on, the information herein.

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